BIBLIOGRAPHY
 
 

NINETEENTH AND EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY THEORIES ON RESTORATION
 
 

Austria

Forster, Kurt. "Monument/Memory and the Mortality of Architecture." In Oppositions 25: Monument/Monumentality, edited by Kurt Forster. New York: Rizzoli, Fall 1982.

Colquhoun, Alan. "Thoughts on Riegl." In Oppositions 25: Monument/Monumentality, edited by Kurt Forster. New York: Rizzoli, Fall 1982.

Riegl, Alois. "The Modern Cult of Monuments: Its Character and Its Origin." In Oppositions 25: Monument/Monumentality, edited by Kurt Forster. New York: Rizzoli, Fall 1982.
 
 

England

Chitty, Gill. "‘A Great Entail': The Historic Environment." In Ruskin and the Environment: The Storm Cloud of the Nineteenth Century, edited by Michael Wheeler. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995.

Fawcett, Jane. "A Restoration Trajedy: Cathedrals in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries." In The Future of the Past: Attitudes to Conservation, 1174-1974, edited by Jane Fawcett. New York: Watson-Gupthill Publications, 1976.

Madsen, Stephan Tschudi. Restoration and Anti-Restoration: A Study in English Restoration Philosophy. Oslo: Universitetsfori, 1976.

Null, Janet A. "Restorers, Villains and Vandals." APT Bulletin 17, no 3 & 4, 1985: 27-41.

Pevsner, Nikolaus. "Scrape and Anti-Scrape" In The Future of the Past: Attitudes to Conservation, 1174-1974, edited by Jane Fawcett. New York: Watson-Gupthill Publications, 1976.

Ruskin, John. The Seven Lamps of Architecture. 1880. Reprint, New York: Dover, 1989.

Summerson, Sir John. "Ruskin, Morris, and the ‘Anti-Scrape' Philosophy." In Historic Preservation Today: Essays Presented to the Seminar on Preservation and Restoration, Williamsburg, Virginia, September 8-11, 1963. Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1966.
 
 

France

Berce, Francoise and Bruno Foucart. Viollet-le-Duc: Architect, Artist, Master of Historic Preservation. Washington, DC: The Trust for Museum Exhibitions, 1987.

Bressani, Martin. "Notes on Viollet-le-Duc's Philosophy of History: Dialectics and Technology." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 48 (December 1989): 327-350.

Dupont, Jaques. "Viollet-le-Duc and Restoration in France." In Historic Preservation Today: Essays Presented to the Seminar on Preservation and Restoration, Williamsburg, Virginia, September 8-11, 1963. Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1966.

Hearn, M.F., ed. The Architectural Theory of Viollet-le-Duc: Readings and Commentary. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1990.

Viollet-Le-Duc, Eugene-Emmanuel. The Foundations of Architecture: Selections from the Dictionnaire Raisonne. 1868. Reprint, with an introduction by Barry Bergdoll, translated by Kenneth D. Whitehead. New York: George Braziller, 1990.
 
 

Italy

Fontana, Vincenzo. "Camillo Boito e il restauro a Venezia." Casabella 45 (September 1981): 48-53.

Knithakis, J. "International Principles of Restoration Today." Greek Architecture 9 (1975): 104-108.
 
 

Historical Overviews

Jokilehto, Jukka Ilmari. "A History of Architectural Conservation: The Contribution of English, French, German and Italian Thought Towards an International Approach to the Conservation of Cultural Property." D.Phil., Thesis, University of York, 1986. *

*NOTE: It was neccessary to process this resource through inter-library loan but it was not received before the submission of this thesis. It is included in this bibliography only as a possible source for future reference.
Skarmeas, George Christos. "An Analysis of Architectural Preservation Theories: From 1790 to 1975." Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1983.
 
 

INTERNATIONAL PRESERVATION THEORY

General Commentary

Denslagen, Wim. "Restoration Theories, East and West." Transactions/Association for Studies in the Conservation of Historic Buildings 18 (1993): 3-7.

Jokilehto, Jukka. "The Debate on Authenticity." Newsletter/International Center for the Study of Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Propery 21 (July 1995): 6-8.

Peterson, Charles E. "The Monumental Patrimony." AIA Journal 43 (January 1965): 57-59.

Summerson, John. "The Past in the Future." In Heavenly Mansions. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1963.
 
 

International Treatises and Documents

ICOMOS. Athens Charter for the Restoration of Historic Monuments, 1931. Obtained from http://www.icomos.org/ICOMOS_Documents.html.

ICOMOS. "Inter-American Symposium on Authenticity in the Conservation and Management of Cultural Heritage." Symposium attended during research, San Antonio, Texas, 27-30 March 1996.

ICOMOS, International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites (Venice Charter), 1964; 1965. Obtained from http://www.icomos.org/ICOMOS_Documents.html.

ICOMOS, Resolutions of the Symposium on the Introduction of Contemporary Architecture into Ancient Groups of Buildings, 1972. Obtained from http://www.icomos.org/ICOMOS_Documents.html.

UNESCO. Nara Document on Authenticity. November 1994. Obtained from gopher://gopher.unesco.org:70/00/doc/ch-ext/heritage/reports/nara

"The Venice Charter." Historic Preservation 17 (January/February 1965): 20-23.
 
 

THEORIES OF PRESERVATION IN THE UNITED STATES (1960s to present)

Specific Design Intervention Issues

Abercrombie, Stanley. "Big in the ‘70s: Recycling and Restoration." AIA Journal 69 (January 1980): 54-56.

Austin, Richard L. Adaptive Reuse: Issues and Case Studies in Building Preservation. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1988.

Brolin, Brent C. Architecture in Context: Fitting New Buildings with Old. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1980.

Collins, Peter. "Genius Loci: The Historic Continuity of Cities." Progressive Architecture 44 (July 1963): 100-106.

Dean, Andrea O. "Adaptive Use: Economic and Other Advantages." AIA Journal 65 (June 1976): 26-40.

Dietsch, Deborah. "Preservation Needs Better Architecture." Architecture 84 (November 1995): 15.

Dietsch, Deborah. "Reviving Rehabilitation Tax Credits." Architecture 79 (November 1990): 13.

Feiss, Carl and Mrs. Terry Brust Morton. "True or False: Living Architecture, Old and New." Historic Preservation 20 (April-June 1968): 50-58.

Goldstone, Harrold. "The Marriage of New Buildings with Old." Historic Preservation 23 (January-March 1971): 19-23.

Grumbach, Antoine. "Saturn and the Striped Fish." Lecture presentation, Columbia University, New York, New York, 29 March 1995.

Hewitt, Mark Allan. "Architecture for a Contingent Environment," Journal of Architectural Education 47 (May 1994): 197-209.

Johnson, Philip. "A Charleston Critique." Historic Preservation 23 (January-March 1971): 17.

Kerr, Robert J. "Historic Preservation in the Federal City." AIA Journal 37 (January 1963): 104-106.

Lawrence, John W. "Contemporary Design in a Historic Context." Historic Preservation 23 (January-March 1971): 24-28.

Mendelson, Robert E., et.al. Community Harmony: The Reuse of Ordinary Structures. Center for Urban and Environmental Research and Services: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 1980.

National Trust for Historic Preservation. Old & New Architecture: Design Relationship. Washington, DC: The Preservation Press, 1980.

Notter, George M, Jr. "Restoration in Public Buildings and Commercial Projects." In Evolution of the Restoration Process: New Directions Symposium. Washington, DC: The American Architectural Foundation at the Octagon, 1992.

Owings, Nathaniel A. "Comment." In Historic Preservation Today: Essays Presented to the Seminar on Preservation and Restoration, Williamsburg, Virginia, September 8-11, 1963. Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1966.

Soroka, Ellen. "Restauro in Venezia," Journal of Architectural Education 47 (May 1994): 224-241.
 
 

"Sourcebooks" of Re-Use

Cantacuzino, Sherban. Re-Architecture: Old Buildings/New Uses. New York: Abberville Press, 1989.

Cantacuzino, Sherban and Susan Brandt. Saving Old Buildings. London: The Architectural Press, 1980.

Dibner, David R. Building Additions Design. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1985.

Irace, Fulvio. "Il Problema del Restauro = The Restoration Problem." Abitare 323 (November 1993): 141-182.

Robert, Philippe. Adaptations: New Uses for Old Buildings. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1989.

Schmertz, Mildred F., ed. New Life for Old Buildings. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1982.
 
 

Articles Referenced on Specific Building Additions

Abercrombie, Stanley. "The Wainwright: Building on Genius." AIA Journal 71 (Mid-May 1982): 162-166.

"AIA Honor Awards" AIA Journal 66 (May 1977): 32.

"AIA Honor Awards." Architecture 84 (May 1995): 117-141.

Amery, Colin. "Royal Wedding." Architectural Record 179 (October 1991): 88-93.

Bergdoll, Barry. "Sailor's Delight." Architecture 80 (November 1991): 66-73.

"Foster Associates, Royal Academy Sackler Galleries, Royal Academy of Arts, Picadilly, London." GA Document 31 (November 1991): 54-61.

"Georgetown House Expanded." Progressive Architecture 45 (March 1964): 158-159.

Pearson, Clifford A. "Pas de Deux." Architectural Record 183 (February 1995): 82-85.
 
 

General Preservation

Ferro, Maximillian L. "Scrape vs. Anti-Scrape: A Modern American Perspective." APT Bulletin 18, no. 3 & 4, 1985: 21-25.

Fitch, James Marston. Historic Preservation: Curatorial Management of the Built World. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1990.

Freeman, Allan. "Complexities and Contradictions: Preservation Meets Modernism Head-On at the ‘Preserving the Recent Past' Conference," Historic Preservation 47 (July/August 1995): 20-21.

Historic Preservation Today: Essays Presented to the Seminar on Preservation and Restoration, Williamsburg, Virginia, September 8-11, 1963. Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1966.

Kerr, Robert J. "Historic Preservation: A Pragmatic Approach." AIA Journal 42 (April 1964): 36-38.

King, Thomas F., Patrica Parker Hickman and Gary Berg. "Significance." In Anthropology in Historic Preservation: Caring for Culture's Clutter. New York: Academia Press, 1977.

Mosse, George L. "Comment (to Dupont and Pevsner)." In Historic Preservation Today: Essays Presented to the Seminar on Preservation and Restoration, Williamsburg, Virginia, September 8-11, 1963. Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1966.

Pappas, Nicholas A. "Scrape and Anti-Scrape: Wherin We Explore the Treacherous Jungle Between These Two Extremes; Discover the Perils Hidden Therin; and Seek the Path to Eldorado." APT Bulletin 18, no. 3 & 4, 1985: 42-50.

"A Report on the Principles and Guidlines for Historic Preservation in the United States." In Historic Preservation Today: Essays Presented to the Seminar on Preservation and Restoration, Williamsburg, Virginia, September 8-11, 1963. Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1966.

Parker, Patricia L. "What You Do and How We Think." Cultural Resource Management Bulletin 16 (special issue - Traditional Cultural Properties, 1994): 5.

Schwarzer, Mitchell. "Myths of Permenance and Transience in the Discourse on Historic Preservation in the United States," Journal of Architectural Education 48 (September 1994): 2-11.

Stovel, Herb. "Scrape and Anti-Scrape: False Idols on Main Street." APT Bulletin 18, no. 3 & 4, 1985: 51-55.

Udall, Stewart L. and Nathaniel A. Owings. "Two Looks at Preservation." AIA Journal 36 (February 1962): 30-37.

Weeks, Kay. "Telling Historic Preservation Time: Using with Care to Reveal the Past." CRM Bulletin 16, no. 7: 12-14.

Winks, Robin. "Conservation in America: National Character as Revealed by Preservation." In The Future of the Past: Attitudes to Conservation, 1174-1974, edited by Jane Fawcett. New York: Watson-Gupthill Publications, 1976.
 
 

History of United States Preservation

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. Twenty Years of the National Historic Preservation Act. Washington, DC: Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, 1986.

Fitch, James Marston. "The Philosophy of Restoration: Williamsburg to the Present." In Evolution of the Restoration Process: New Directions Symposium. Washington, DC: The American Architectural Foundation at the Octagon, 1992.

Murtagh, William J. Keeping Time: The History and Theory of Preservation in America. New York: Sterling, 1990.
 
 

Government Legislation and Guidelines

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as Amended. Washington, DC: Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, 1993.

National Parks Service. Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties. 36 CFR Part 1207, December 7, 1978 (43 FR 57250).

National Parks Service. Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties. 36 CFR Part 68, July 1, 1981 (46 FR 34329).

National Parks Service. Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties. 36 CFR Part 68, July 12, 1995 (60 FR 35842).

Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service. Respectful Rehabilitation: Answers to Your Questions about Old Buildings. Washington, DC: Preservation Press, 1982.

Weeks, Kay D. "Historic Preservation Treatment: Toward a Common Language" CRM Bulletin 19, no. 1, 1996: 32-35.

United States Department of the Interior, Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service, Technical Preservation Services Division. The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Historic Preservation Projects with Guidelines for Applying the Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979.

United States Department of the Interior, National Parks Service, Preservation Assistance Division. The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Historic Preservation Projects and Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983.

United States Department of the Interior, National Parks Service, Preservation Assistance Division. The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation & Illustrated Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

United States Department of the Interior, National Parks Service, Preservation Assistance Division. The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Prpperties with Guidelines for Preserving, Rehabilitating, Restoring & Reconstructing Historic Buildings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service and Cultural Resource Programs. Federal Historic Preservation Laws. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993.
 
 

Preservation Education

Fitch, James Marston. "A Short History of Historic Preservation at Columbia University" in The Making of an Architect, 1881-1981: Columbia University in the City of New York edited by Richard Oliver. New York: Rizzoli, 1981.

International Meeting of Coordinators of Training in Architectural Conservation. International Meeting of Coordinators in Architectural Training = Reunion Internationale des Coordinateurs pour la Formation en Conservation Architecturale. Rome: ICCROM, 1983.

Gutman, Robert. Architectural Practice: A Critical View. New York: Princeton University Press, 1988.

ICOMOS. Guidelines for Education and Training in the Conservation of Monuments, Ensembles and Sites, 1993.

National Conservation Advisory Council. Suggested Guidelines for Training in Architectural Conservation: A Supplement to the Report of the Study Committee on Architectural Conservation. Washington, DC: National Conservation Advisory Council, 1980.

Tomlan, Michael. "Historic Preservation Education: Alongside Architecture in Academia," Journal of Architectural Education 47 (May 1994): 187-196.

Tomlan, Michael. "Observations on an ‘Established Discipline:' The Continuing Development of Preservation Education at the Graduate Level" in Historic Preservation: Forging a Dicipline edited by Beth Sulleberger. New York: Preservation Alumni, 1989.
 
 

ISSUES IN RELATED FIELDS

Architecture and Urbanism

Boyer, M. Christine. The City of Collective Memory: It's Historical Imagery and Architectural Entertainments. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1994.

Cohen, Jean Louis. Le Corbusier and the Mystique of the USSR. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.

Dillon, David. "Decorated Shed." Architecture 82 (April 1993): 46-51.

Huyssen, Andreas. "Mapping the Postmodern." New German Critique 33 (Fall 1984): 5-52.

Huyssen, Andreas. "Monuments and Monumentality." Lecture presentation, Columbia University, New York, New York, 20 March 1996.

Jencks, Charles. The Language of Post-Modern Architecture. New York: Rizzoli, 1977.

Koolhaas, Rem. "Architecture and Globalization," GSD News/Harvard University, Graduate School of Design (Winter-Spring 1994): 47-48.

McLeod, Mary. "Architecture and Politics in the Reagan Era: From Postmodernism to Deconstructivism." Assemblage 8 (February 1989): 22-59.

Moffett, Kenneth M. "The Wall in Recent Architectural Form: A Pattern of Evolution Towards Autonomy." Journal of Architectural Education 47 (May 1994): 242-257.

Norberg-Schulz, Christian. Intentions in Architecture. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1965.

Venturi, Robert. Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1966.

Venturi, Robert. "Iconography on Architecture." Lecture presentation, Columbia University, New York, New York, 21 February 1996.
 
 

History, Culture, Ethnography, Literature, Etc.

Berkhofer, Robert F. "A Point of View on Viewpoints in Historical Practice," in A New Philosophy of History, edited by Frank Ankersmit and Hans Kellner. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Clifford, James. The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature and Art. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Downer, Robert S., Jr, Alexandra Roberts, Harris Francis and Klara B. Kelley. "Traditional History and Alternative Conceptions of the Past," in Conserving Culture: A New Discourse on Heritage, edited by Mary Hufford. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Ermarth, Elizabeth Deeds. Sequel to History: Postmodernism and the Crisis of Representational Time. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Hufford, Mary. "Rethinking the Cultural Mission," in Conserving Culture: A New Discourse on Heritage, edited by Mary Hufford. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Hutcheon, Linda. A Poetics of Postmodernism: History, Theory, Fiction. New York: Routledge, 1988.

Lowe, Setha A. "Cultural Conservation of Place." In Conserving Culture: A New Discourse on Heritage, edited by Mary Hufford. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Lowenthal, David. The Past is a Foreign Country. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Megill, Allan. "‘Grand Narrative' and the Discipline of History," in A New Philosophy of History, edited by Frank Ankersmit and Hans Kellner. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Mondale, Clarence. "Conserving a Problematic Past," in Conserving Culture: A New Discourse on Heritage, edited by Mary Hufford. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Urry, John. Consuming Places. London: Routledge, 1995.

 

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